Vocabulary: Kin Terms    
Language in Use

Tobian Audio English Contributed Comments/Examples/Sources
bis same sex sibling; same sex maternal parallel cousin; same sex and generation clan mate; same sex friend. Peter W. Black and Isauro Andrew 2006 John's brother or Mary's sister. John's mother's sister's son or Mary's mother's sister's daughter. John's male clan mate who is of the same generation. Mary's female clan mate who is of the same generation. John's male friend. Mary's female friend.
bisibis Nemecio kin term: same sex sibling Nemecio Andrew 2012 Quackenbush Word List No. 252.
bisi-temai
*bisitamai
Sisma my father's brother Justin Andrew Note the use of a shortened form of bisir.
bisi-sirei
*bisirei
Sisma my mother's sister Justin Andrew Note the use of a shortened form of bisir.
haut   spouse's same sex sibling; spouse's same sex maternal parallel cousin; same sex and generation clan member   Haut (and its opposite war) refers to a spouse's same sex siblings, maternal parallel same sex cousins, and same sex clan mates. John's wife Mary's sister is John's haut. John's wife Mary's mother's sister's daughter is John's haut. John's wife Mary's female clan mate who is of the same generation is also John's haut. In other words, the bis of your spouse is your haut.
mayangang
*maiagang
Nemecio opposite sex sibling or maternal cousin; maternal uncle or paternal aunt Peter W. Black and Isauro Andrew 2006; Nemecio Andrew 2012 Someone in my clan with a different sex than me. For mayangang to mean aunt or uncle, you must add the word for the appropriate parent.
Siheken mayangar feifinae. We saw that woman's brother. Ihekene mayangar sirei. I saw my mother's brother. Isauro Andrew 2006. See No. 253 of the Quackenbush Word List.
mayangar sirei   my mother's brother    
mayangar temai   my father's sister    
mesireh   their mother    
metamam   your father   Some nouns show possession by endings; others you use a pronoun: am is the ending (you). Justin Andrew says this is from mena tamam.
metemei   my father   Justin Andrew says that this is from mere temei.
neira Sisma mother    
rai   my child; my creature   When rai is used alone it generally means my child. When it refers to a pet or a food animal like chicken or pig, it generally requires the word for that kind of creature. For example, my dog is rai piris.
raifeifir Sisma daughter    
rai hariweich   my child   Rai is a pronoun. Rai hariweich is used for emphasis in order to be more definitive.
raimar Sisma son    
raum hariweich   your child; your children   Raum is a pronoun. Some nouns show possession by endings; others require a pronoun.
raurfeifir Sisma niece; daughter of brother    
raurmar Sisma nephew; son of brother    
sinsirei Sisma mother's mother Sisma Andrew 2006  
sirei Sisma my mother  

Ei is an ending. Some nouns show possession by endings; others require a pronoun.

 

siresir   mother    
suburwor   father's sister's opposite sex child Justin Andrew 2006 Suburwor means someone of the opposite sex whose mother is one's father's sister; in other words, one's paternal cross cousin of the opposite sex. In traditional Tobian society before the conversion to Christianity, these cousins were possible marriage partners since they were people who were close to the family but of another clan.
tamatam   father    
tamatamai Sisma father's father    
temei
*tamai
Sisma my father    
war   spouse's opposite sex sibling   War (and its opposite haut) refers to a spouse's opposite sex siblings, maternal parallel opposite sex cousins, and opposite sex clan mates. John's wife Mary's brother is John's war. John's wife Mary's mother's sister's son is John's war. John's wife Mary's clan mate who is of the same generation is also John's war. In other words, the mayangang of your spouse is your war.
yar birong Isauro stepchild   One who has come in.

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Updated: March 20, 2014